Export to International Market

Section I. Export process through International Border Crossing
The following is the applied export procedure of goods from Palestinian Authority Territory to Jordan via King Hussein Bridge:
  • Outgoing cargo is not subject to  security inspection by the Israeli authorities
  • Perishables cargos are processed through a back-to-back system, where the crossing is lack of cooling facilities at the Bridge
  • The waiting time to enter the bridge is on average between one half hour and one hour
  • Loading of goods takes between half an hour and one hour
  • A private Israeli company is responsible for loading/unloading pallets
  • The check point for the goods to pass through in Jericho is “Mousa Al’alami”
  • There are eight clearing agents at King Hussein Bridge, and at present there is no licensed Palestinian clearing agent. Therefore, the Palestinian trader must either deal directly with those agents or through a Palestinian agent who represents one of these offices.
Ø Working hours: 8:00 am – 20:00 pm
Ø King Hussein Bridge is open every day except:
  1. Yom Kippur

  2. The first day of Al-Adha feast

  3. Fridays and Saturdays
Ben Gurion Airport handles a wide range of cargo airlines, most notably are:
  • CAL Cargo Air lines
  • DHL (European AIr Transport)
  • El Al Cargo
  • FedEx Express
  • Royal Jordanian Cargo
  • Swiss World Cargo
  • United Parcel Service
The export cargo terminal extends over 12,000 square meters, and includes a wide variety of storage facilities provided for customer needs, until the loading of the cargo flight. These facilities include:
  • Semi-automated facilities for storage of up to 200 pallets
  • Climate-controlled refrigeration facilities of deep freeze, regular freeze and chill-freeze, for bulk and pallet storage
  • Climate-controlled storage for pharmaceuticals
  • Other special facilities for the storage of valuables and radioactive materials.
Cargo Export Process at Ben Gurion Airport
  1. Arrival of the Palestinian shipment to the storage area for “Maman; then after the shipment undergoes several stages of processing
  2. After the initial security check, the consignment is tagged with a barcode, and from then on all processes are administered on-line, including weighing, volume measurement, storage, pallet construction and transport to the carrier
     - The Export Control Center supervises all of these activities, and  serves as the nerve center and supervisior of all activities described
  3. The Palestinian shipment should be delivered and stored to “Maman” warehouse
  4.  An “Air Waybill” will be issued by us based on the weight and dimensions
  5. The weight or the dimensions of the goods will be used for calculating freight charges
  6. Customs Office will verify the quantity of the goods actually received and enter into the system
  7. Stuffing / Loading of Goods: The agent hand over the exporter’s copy of the shipping bill signed by the “Export Control Center”. The agent then approaches the proper officer for allowing the shipment. The Customs Officer supervising the loading of the pallets into the plane and may give "Shipped on Board" approval on the exporter’s copy of the shipping bill.

Marketing and Labeling
Goods must be labeled and marked. Shipping marks are important to the safe and speedy transfer of the products. In fact, marks, complying with legal requirements, assist carriers and Custom Authorities to identify the goods. Common shipping marks are the identification of the importer, the number of the packing case, the port of destination, gross and net weight, outside measurements of the case, the country of origin and cautionary marks if careful handling is needed. However, rules applying to shipping marks can vary according to the country of destination.
Labeling requirements vary according to the country of destination. Normally, detailed rules are applied to foodstuff, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics, textile and garments. The importer provides details on labels according to the requirements in the country of destination.

Overseas Bonded Area
The shipment will be delivered and stored at the “Overseas Bonded Area” until the shipment receives a call for embankment to the dock area for loading on the ship.
Security Measures on Palestinian Exports
Palestinian goods must reach the port 72 hours prior to departure for security reasons. During this time, security checks can take place. Currently, checks on exports are not as strict as those conducted on Palestinian imports.
At the Port of Embarkation
Goods are transported to the port of embarkation where a “Dock Receipt” is issued, upon arrival. The shipping company issues the “Dock Receipt” to confirm the arrival and the reservation of the space for the shipment. Goods have to go though security checks and clearing.
Export Clearing
Once the goods are loaded on board, the clearing agent prepares the Export Declaration Form. This is a document stating that the goods have been exported. The Export Declaration Form is submitted to the Customs Authorities, when presenting the documents for shipment.
Content of the Export Declaration Form
It describes the products, states their value and weight, and specifies the country of destination, port of embarkation and arrival, the name of the exporter and the carrier.
Nitzana Crossing
The Nitzana Crossing Point still remains the shortest transit route from Gaza into Egypt due to the uncertainty of the Rafah Crossing. Palestinian traders, many of them Gazans, are trying to find ways of importing goods into Gaza but this is now very problematic due to the Security Situation.
The Nitzana Crossing is located on the border, very close to Gaza, between Egypt and Israel and has very good access roads on both sides of the border. However, it is restricted to only commercial trade with practically no opportunity for light vehicles and passenger/pedestrians to pass.
Until quite recently the Nitzana Crossing was operated and managed by the Israeli Airports Authority (IAA) which was the same management for Kerem Shalom and Karni. With new governments there is usually change and it appears that the military entities will expand their role in border crossing management. Many of the West Bank internal transit crossings are controlled and managed by the Border Crossing Agency of the Israeli Forces.
The Nitzana crossing is of adequate size to handle current export/import cargo throughput although the facilities and equipment for Cargo X-Ray could be improved. The total cargo area on the Israeli side is 200m in length and 45m wide. It was opened in 1982 as an international border crossing between El Ouga, Egypt, and Nitzana, Israel.
It has an operational working day of Sunday to Thursday and operational opening times between 8:00 a.m. and 16:30 p.m. It is closed for operations on Fridays and Saturdays, as well as the Jewish and Islamic holidays.
Nitzana - Cargo Scanning
The Nitzana Cargo X-Ray facilities were previously improved by the addition of a mobile truck scanner which was able to “security scan” full truckloads without the need for unloading and separation of different commodities. There is also a large pallet scanner but this requires that cargo be unloaded and transported by fork-lift to and from the truck to the pallet scanner which takes time and puts some of the more fragile items at risk of damage.
Cargo items such as fruit juices are very “dense” and difficult to scan and this means there could be a requirement, depending of the level of security, to remove maybe half of the load from the pallet to satisfy the X-Ray operation. Here again there is a risk of damage plus the need to re-package cargo.
It is also possible that, at any time, the mobile truck scanner can be transferred to an alternative crossing point which would leave the Nitzana Crossing Point in a difficult and “slow throughput” situation particularly for import into Israel.
It would be advisable for traders and shippers to ascertain the current situation in Nitzana both in terms of X-Ray capacity and the number of vehicles awaiting entry and exit at the Nitzana facility.
Transfer of cargoes
· Exports
The process of exporting goods from Israel to Egypt includes:
· Arrival of the truck at the main gate.
· Initial security check of the driver and the truck at the main gate.
· The truck is admitted to the waiting area of the cargo terminal, and paperwork is dealt with.
· Customs clearance and border control for the truck’s exit.
· The transportation company representative signs the transfer certificate, and the truck is released to the main gate.
· At the main gate the transfer certificate is checked and stamped by: customs, the transportation company representative, and border control.
· The truck is released to the Egyptian terminal, unloads its goods there and returns to the Israeli border crossing.
All exports should be reported to the franchisee’s (concession holder's) office 72 hours before the goods reach the terminal.
If the goods are delayed, for whatever reason, they can be stored at the terminal, for various periods of time. 
The terminal’s transportation franchisee must be informed of the intention to remove goods from storage before the trucks arrive.
Nitzana - Types of Cargo
Palestinian traders and shippers have, over many years, fully understood which cargoes will transit easily through the Israeli security checks and at the same which cargoes create the minimum of bureaucratic delay and paperwork.
Optimum cargo allowed to pass through includes, but is not limited to:
  • Food products (mainly to the Palestinian Territory);
  • Fruit juices;
  • Chemicals;
  • Raw paper products;
  • Cement, building materials & glass;
  • Seeds and grains;
  • Frozen vegetables, chilled fish & spices;
  • Textile products;
  • Nylon products; and
  • Electrical goods.
Of these cargoes mentioned above the statistics show that 98% of exports are of Israeli origin (50% for QIZ and 50% general) and only 2% are Palestinian.
The average volume is estimated to be around 20 trucks per day.
Nitzana – Ease of Transit
Once cleared through security and document/procedure formalities the goods arriving from Israel or the Palestinian Authority Territory are forwarded to their final destinations, whether in Egypt or beyond.
This transit process is usually quite easy providing that no approvals are required from the various Israeli departments. Goods arriving at the Israeli terminal from Egypt are usually forwarded the same day to their final destinations in Israel or the Palestinian Authority Territory.
Nitzana is, for traders and shippers, no different from other Israeli border crossings and only demands that the rules be followed and that prior information on current conditions be known before shipment as this will certainly avoid “known” delays.
Types of Cargos
There are a number of types of cargo transportation at the terminal.
1. Imports:
· Pallets
Most goods arrive at the terminal on pallets and are handled by fork lifts.
To facilitate the process at the Israeli terminal, the goods should be arranged in a suitable way on the pallets. Goods that are not suitably arranged will be returned to the Egyptian terminal for further handling.
· Aggregates
Some goods reach the terminal loose, for example: cement, marble, etc.
These goods are stored in designated facilities, until the Israeli truck arrives to load them.
· Containers
Goods arriving in containers, such as refrigerated containers etc., are unloaded by fork lifts and loaded onto a suitable Israeli truck.
2. Exports:
Export of goods follows the above process, in the Egyptian terminal.
Mode of Transfer
The applied mode of transfer is the Back to Back system: where the goods are unloaded directly from an Egyptian truck and onto an Israeli truck and vis-versa.
Valid from January 1, 2010:
Cargo fee – NIS 190
The fees are quoted in NIS and are updated once a year (on January 1) linked to the Consumer Price Index.